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What Is Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance is a condition in which your cells don't respond well to the hormone insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take in glucose (sugar) from your blood. When your cells are resistant to insulin, they don't take in glucose as well. This can cause your blood sugar levels to rise.

Insulin resistance is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your body doesn't make or use insulin well. This can cause your blood sugar levels to rise to dangerous levels.

There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. These include:

  • Losing weight if you are overweight or obese

  • Eating a healthy diet

  • Exercising regularly

  • Getting enough sleep

  • Managing stress

If you have any concerns about insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor.

Here are some symptoms of insulin resistance:

  • Fatigue

  • Weight gain

  • Increased thirst

  • Increased urination

  • Increased hunger

  • Slowed wound healing

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • Prediabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes

If you have any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor. They can test your blood sugar levels and diagnose insulin resistance.

There is no cure for insulin resistance, but there are treatments that can help manage the condition. These treatments include:

  • Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly

  • Medications, such as metformin

  • Surgery, such as gastric bypass surgery

If you have insulin resistance, it is important to work with your doctor to manage the condition. This will help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.


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